Mild-to-moderate Ulcerative Colitis induction therapy: budesonide (CORE studies)
Once-daily Budesonide MMX® Extended-Release Tablets Induce Remission in Patients With Mild to Moderate Ulcerative Colitis: Results From the CORE I Study
Background & aims: Budesonide is a corticosteroid with minimal systemic corticosteroid activity due to first-pass hepatic metabolism. Budesonide MMX® is a once-daily oral formulation of budesonide that extends budesonide release throughout the colon using multi-matrix system (MMX) technology.
Methods: We performed a randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy of budesonide MMX for induction of remission in 509 patients with active, mild to moderate ulcerative colitis (UC). Patients were randomly assigned to groups that were given budesonide MMX (9 mg or 6 mg), mesalamine (2.4 g, as reference), or placebo for 8 weeks. The primary end point was remission at week 8.
Results: The rates of remission at week 8 among subjects given 9 mg or 6 mg budesonide MMX or mesalamine were 17.9%, 13.2%, and 12.1%, respectively, compared with 7.4% for placebo (P = .0143, P = .1393, and P = .2200). The rates of clinical improvement at week 8 among patients given 9 mg or 6 mg budesonide MMX or mesalamine were 33.3%, 30.6%, and 33.9%, respectively, compared with 24.8% for placebo (P = .1420, P = .3146, and P = .1189). The rates of endoscopic improvement at week 8 among subjects given 9 mg or 6 mg budesonide MMX or mesalamine were 41.5%, 35.5%, and 33.1%, respectively, compared with 33.1% for placebo. The rates of symptom resolution at week 8 among subjects given 9 mg or 6 mg budesonide MMX or mesalamine were 28.5%, 28.9%, and 25.0%, respectively, compared with 16.5% for placebo (P = .0258, P = .0214, and P = .1025). Adverse events occurred at similar frequencies among groups.
Conclusions: Budesonide MMX (9 mg) was safe and more effective than placebo in inducing remission in patients with active, mild to moderate UC.
Once-daily Budesonide MMX in Active, Mild-To-Moderate Ulcerative Colitis: Results From the Randomised CORE II Study
Simon P L Travis, Silvio Danese, Limas Kupcinskas, Olga Alexeeva, Geert D’Haens, Peter R Gibson, Luigi Moro, Richard Jones, E David Ballard, Johan Masure, Matteo Rossini, William J Sandborn
Objective: Budesonide MMX is a novel oral formulation of budesonide that uses Multi-Matrix System (MMX) technology to extend release to the colon. This study compared the efficacy of budesonide MMX with placebo in patients with active, mild-to-moderate ulcerative colitis (UC).
Design: Patients were randomised 1:1:1:1 to receive budesonide MMX 9 mg or 6 mg, or Entocort EC 9 mg (budesonide controlled ileal-release capsules; reference arm) or placebo once daily for 8 weeks. The primary endpoint was combined clinical and endoscopic remission, defined as UC Disease Activity Index score ≤1 with a score of 0 for rectal bleeding and stool frequency, no mucosal friability on colonoscopy, and a ≥1-point reduction in endoscopic index score from baseline.
Results: 410 patients were evaluated for efficacy. Combined clinical and endoscopic remission rates with budesonide MMX 9 mg or 6 mg, Entocort EC and placebo were 17.4%, 8.3%, 12.6% and 4.5%, respectively. The difference between budesonide MMX 9 mg and placebo was significant (OR 4.49; 95% CI 1.47 to 13.72; p=0.0047). Budesonide MMX 9 mg was associated with numerically higher rates of clinical (42.2% vs 33.7%) and endoscopic improvement (42.2% vs 31.5%) versus placebo. The rate of histological healing (16.5% vs 6.7%; p=0.0361) and proportion of patients with symptom resolution (23.9% vs 11.2%; p=0.0220) were significantly higher for budesonide MMX 9 mg than placebo. Adverse event profiles were similar across groups.
Conclusion: Budesonide MMX 9 mg was safe and more effective than placebo at inducing combined clinical and endoscopic remission in patients with active, mild-to-moderate UC.
Sandborn WJ, Travis S, Moro L, et al. Once-daily budesonide MMX® extended-release tablets induce remission in patients with mild to moderate ulcerative colitis: results from the CORE I study. Gastroenterology. 2012;143(5):1218-1226.e2. doi:10.1053/j.gastro.2012.08.003
Travis SP, Danese S, Kupcinskas L, et al. Once-daily budesonide MMX in active, mild-to-moderate ulcerative colitis: results from the randomised CORE II study. Gut. 2014;63(3):433-441. doi:10.1136/gutjnl-2012-304258